A comparison of theories about personality nu alfred adler karen horney and harry sullivan

In her essay entitled "The Problem of Feminine Masochism", Horney felt she proved that cultures and societies worldwide encouraged women to be dependent on men for their loveprestige, wealthcare and protection.

The parent may also casually neglect to fulfill promises, which in turn could have a detrimental effect on the child's mental state. Self-idealization is compensatory in her theory, but it differs from narcissism.

These neurotic needs cause individuals to seek affirmation and acceptance from others and are often described as needy or clingy as they seek out approval and love.

The need for personal admiration; for both inner and outer qualities—to be valued. All three emigrated from Germany to the U. Three categories of needs[ edit ] Upon investigating the ten needs further, Horney found she was able to condense them into three broad categories: While Horney acknowledged and agreed with Freud on many issues, she was also critical of him on several key beliefs.

Horney's mature theory of neurosisaccording to Paris, "makes a major contribution to psychological thought—particularly the study of personality—that deserves to be more widely known and applied than it is.

Despite this, Karen always felt deprived of her father's affection and instead became attached to her mother. InKaren and Oskar separated; they would divorce in From her experiences as a psychiatrist, Horney named ten patterns of neurotic needs.

Neurotic children or adults within this category often exhibit anger or basic hostility to those around them. Having first-hand experience with depression in her childhood, Horney dedicated her time and work into school. Her theory proposes that strategies used to cope with anxiety can be overused, causing them to take on the appearance of needs.

The goal of life and of therapy, according to Fromm, is to orient oneself, establish roots, and find security by uniting with other people while remaining a separate individual.

Karen Horney Vs. Freud Essay

Horney accepted that penis envy might occur occasionally in neurotic women, but stated that " womb envy " occurs just as much in men: Carl Jung, whose main focus was on concepts such as, the collective unconscious, archetypes, and psychological types.

Another woman is Karen Horney, who made contributions to personality theory and feminine psychology. Career and works[ edit ] InKaren was a founding member of the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute. Compliant personalities seek their satisfaction from the affection and approval they receive from the people around them.

Karen had regretted letting her husband rule over his children when they were younger after studying more psychoanalytic theory. Those within the compliance category tend to exhibit a need for affection and approval on the part of their peers.

She touched further on this subject in her essay "The Distrust Between the Sexes" in which she compared the husband-wife relationship to a parent-child relationship—one of misunderstanding and one which breeds detrimental neuroses. The real self then degenerates into a "despised self", and the neurotic person assumes that this is the "true" self.

Many women have contributed to the way that people think, live and even their careers that they have chosen. They feel that there is a flaw somewhere in comparison to what they "should" be.

Horney was thought to be the first woman who questioned Freud and his views on sexuality, that made her a Neo-Freudian, but with all her accomplishments it brought a Ash Psy Week 1 Dq 2 Psychoanalytic Theory words - 7 pages peer-reviewed source that was published within the last five years, cited according to APA guidelines as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Her opposition to Freud's theories about women generated more interest in the psychology of women.Karen Horney made significant contributions in the areas of humanism, self-psychology, psychoanalysis, and feminine psychology.

Her opposition to Freud's theories about women generated more interest in the psychology of women. Among those we will discuss are Alfred Adler and what he called Individual Psychology, Carl Jung’s Individual Psychology, Erik and Erikson’s Ego Psychology. We will also talk briefly about Karen Horney, Harry Stack Sullivan and Erik Fromm.

A Comparison of Theories About Personality nu Alfred Adler, Karen Horney and Harry Sullivan.

4 functions of Personality Theories To provide a way of organizing what we know about ourselves and others; To explain differences between individuals, To explore how people conduct their lives; To determine ways to help improve lives.

Alfred Adler & Harry Stack Sullivan Neo-Freudian Perspectives. Erik Erikson & Development Throughout Life One is that the lower-class Negro family differs from the middle-class white family and seems by comparison to be “disorganized.” Kelland, Mark.

"Personality Theory". OER Commons. Institute for the Study of Knowledge Management. earlier follower of Freud. She was not happy with penis envy and Oedipius Complex.

She claimed a few feminist theories.

Karen Horney

Karen Horney Is Best Known For: •Feminine psychology •Theory of neurotic needs •Neo-Freudian psychology Freud's concept of penis envy was criticized in his own time, most notably by psychoanalyst Karen Horney.

A comparison of theories about personality nu alfred adler karen horney and harry sullivan
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